Working Christmas

I am a sucker for Christmas. I love decorating the tree, filling my children’s Advent calendar, wrapping presents, baking cookies, watching Christmas specials on television, hosting holiday parties, and making and sending my annual Christmas card.

But there is another reason I love Christmas that has little to do with my personal traditions. I love it because during this season iconic Christmas characters (like Santa, Rudolph, and Frosty) as well as pundits, preachers, and journalists engage in some surprisingly frank discussions of work, capitalism, and the working class.

Let us start with Bass/Rankin classic, Rudolph, the Red Nosed Reindeer, which first aired in 1964. Some have argued that it is an allegory for the Cold War, with the Bumble representing the Soviet Union, who is tamed by the ultimate American Yukon Cornelius. Others have argued that Rudolph represents the “Red Scare,” which is interesting, because Burl Ives (the show’s narrator, Sam the Snowman), was blacklisted in 1950 in the anti-communist smear pamphlet Red Channels. Unfortunately, Burl Ives cooperated with the House UnAmerican Activities Committee (HUAC) when he told them that he used to attend union meetings with Pete Seeger in order to “stay in touch with working folk.”

My recent viewing of the Christmas classic suggests a slightly different take. The elves in Rudolph are apparently happy on the job. They sing: “We work hard all day/But our work is play.” Hmmmmm. This is the essential myth of the Christmas elf, right? Making Christmas toys is work, but the work is play.

On the other hand, not everyone who wants to work is allowed to work in Rudolph’s world. Rudolph, the Red Nosed Reindeer is a story about workplace discrimination. Hermey the elf, played with what we now interpret as a “gay” voice, doesn’t fit in with the other toy-making elves. Is he discriminated against for being gay? Or because wants to be a dentist? In his signature song he says, “You can’t fire me, I quit.” Rudolph is similarly cheated out of a chance to work for Santa, and all because of his shiny red nose.

Workplace discrimination in Rudolph has a gendered component as well. Rudolph’s mother and his girlfriend Clarice are told by Donner and Santa that looking for Rudolph is “man’s work.” The misfit toys are also deprived of a chance to serve as joy filled bundles on Christmas morning because they have manufacturing defects. Rudolph, Hermey, and Yukon Cornelius rescue the misfit toys by convincing Santa to give them as gifts. Even the Bumble is simply an underutilized employee. When Yukon Cornelius tames the Bumble he explains: “I’ve reformed the Bumble. He wants a job! Look what he can do!” At the sound of these magic words the Bumble tops the Christmas tree with a star.  Indeed, conflicts over imports and fair trade (the embargo on toy imports in Santa Claus is Coming to Town), work stoppages (Santa’s “sickout” in The Year Without a Santa Claus), and working conditions (the life of a clockmaker in The Night Before Christmas) are at or near the center of almost every one of the Bass/Rankin holiday productions.

And how about Dicken’s A Christmas Carol? If ever there was a workplace holiday tale, this is it. Scrooge is a miser who nearly drives his clerk’s family to the poor house. My favorite adaptation of the tale, Scrooged [1988] starring Bill Murray, hits all the right working-class themes. Murray plays a television executive who fires one of his employees, Eliot Loudermilk, in the first scene. Loudermilk goes on to become homeless and comes back to terrorize Murray’s Christmas Carol production with a shot gun. The character of Bob Cratchit is transformed into the character “Grace Cooley,” Murray’s executive secretary. The awesome African American actress Alfe Woodward plays Grace as a single mother who brilliantly makes up for her boss’s shortcomings.

In recent months the character of Scrooge has been called upon to describe the “1%” who control much of the wealth in the US, as identified by the Occupy Wall Street movement. When Jay-Z marketed OWS t-shirts but declined to share any those profits with the movement, a group of artsy jokesters made a statue of Jay-Z in the form of Ebenezer Scrooge.

After Scrooge, The Grinch Who Stole Christmas is most often associated with the figure of the miserly malcontent. Just last month President Obama told a rally in Ohio that he hoped Congress would extend the payroll tax rather than play the role of “Grinch.” Shockingly, the now extremely beloved original animated version of Dr. Suess’s popular children’s book, animated by Chuck Jones, was turned down in 1966 by 25 potential television sponsors. Jones remembers that even he was surprised when the show was finally sponsored by the Foundation for Commercial Banks. Jones speculates that the bankers must have missed the moment when the Grinch realizes that “perhaps Christmas doesn’t come from a store.”

Each of these Christmas stories highlights the plight of the downtrodden, the outsider, or the misfit, what Jones called the “slave” or the “reindeer dog” in the Grinch tale. But how far does that critique extend? While Scrooge and the Grinch eventually realize that the “true meaning” of Christmas cannot be bought, when these tales are rebroadcast on television they are sandwiched between dozens of commercials for cars, cell phones, diamonds, slippers, gloves, and video games. Linus may end The Charlie Brown Christmas Special with a passage from the Bible describing the angel telling the shepherds about Jesus’s birth, but you can buy the Deluxe Peanuts Christmas Holiday Specials at Costco right now for under $30.00. I did last month.

In the end, though, the icons of Christmas are highly plastic and can be easily mutated to call for social change. In Denver this month Occupiers were invited to participate in an “Elf Revolt.” The facebook page Occupy Christmas has been active since early November. References to Christmas elves on strike, Scrooge, and the Grinch abound in humor blogs and labor coverage during the holiday season.

And, as much as Fox News broadcasters worry about the “war on Christmas,” the rest of us know that the real war on US soil is being waged by the super rich on the working and middle classes. And we know that on December 26th it is back to work for those of us who still dream of a merrier, more equal society that could bring us glad tidings and figgy pudding 365 days a year.

Kathy M. Newman

This entry was posted in Class and the Media, Contributors, Issues, Kathy M. Newman and tagged , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

10 Responses to Working Christmas

  1. Pingback: Have Coffee Will Write » Blog Archive » CAN THE 1% BE SUCKERED AT CHRISTMAS…?

  2. It’s amazing how the class division themes run so obviously through many Christmas classics, but I never noticed this before. The article is eye-opening and begs further discourse on why working class issues appear so often in that platform…


  3. Jad says:

    Interesting point about the appropriation of Xmas icons in economic discussions . . . Always enjoy your blog.


  4. Susan says:

    This certainly sheds a different light on the ‘favorite Christmas specials.’ You have me convinced!! Well done!!
    Now, if you can just come and write about the injustices we’re dealing with in Wisconsin:-).
    I know you are having a wonderful Christmas; wish we were there!


  5. Partha says:

    I don’t see why Chuck Jones would have been surprized that his show was sponsored by commercial bankers. For decades, the United States’ greatest Christmas hero was a banker his entire adult life. George Bailey was a good guy, and so may have been many (or most) of the commerical bankers who agreed to sponsor the Grinch.

    On the same token, Scrooge never realized that the ‘true meaning’ of Christmas couldn’t be bought. When being escorted by the Ghost of Christmas Past, Scrooge was amazed at how *little* Old Fizziwig paid for the Christmas party. After all the ghosts are gone, he gives money to charity and sends over food to the Cratchit family.

    Frank Capra and Charles Dickens weren’t begruding banking (and it’s not super-clear what business Scrooge and Marley was in… were they accountants?) or the commericalization of Christmas (well, they were, but not as much as we’re sometimes led to believe) but were critizing how the bankers acted and how we acted (and what was in our hearts) at Christmas. (Scrooge wasn’t born rich nor was he always a scrooge… he turned into one.)

    It’s a Wonderful Life should be burned and never watched by anyone ever again, but A Christmas Carol can still be a great lesson to Wall Street. (A lesson for us all, but especially to Wall Street.) God bless us, everyone!

    Have a happy holiday, Kathy! (And, are you around? I’m in Pittsburgh from the 23rd through the 27th…)


  6. Verity says:

    It makes sense to transpose the original message of Christmas and its observation of the unfairness and inequality of society (a 9-month pregnant lady forced to arduously travel for the purpose of an imperialist occupiers’ census; no room at the inn; sleeping with dirty animals) to the unfairness accepted at contemporary work environments.

    I would like to see a claymation Christmas story that involves two American siblings discovering that their toys were made by children in China and becoming activists. The sibs could be two little girls adopted from China by rich professionals for added irony and depth . . . it could be darkly funny if crafted with enough dagger-sharp satirical wit.


  7. Jodi says:

    Love this. And now I need to queue up Rudolph–I’ve never seen it! Looks like Simon and I have some after school movie watching to do.


  8. Ellen James says:

    Thanks for the post Kathy. So well written and I appreciate your thoughts on these issues.


  9. Kat says:

    EXCELLENT!!!!! Never will look at those Christmas Specials quite the same!


  10. Very interesting Kathy! I will never look at Rudolph in the same light!


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